Acne starts when the pores in your skin get clogged with oil and dead skin cells. Each pore is connected to a sebaceous gland, which produces an oily substance called sebum. Extra sebum can plug pores, causing the growth of a bacteria known as Propionibacterium acnes, or P. acnes. Your white blood cells attack P. acnes, leading to skin inflammation and acne. Some cases of acne are more severe than others, but common symptoms include whiteheads, blackheads, and Pimples. Many factors may contribute to the development of acne, including:
- Hormone changes
What Is Skin Ageing? Skin aging is characterized by features such as wrinkling, loss of elasticity, laxity, and rough-textured appearance. This aging process is accompanied with phenotypic changes in cutaneous cells as well as structural and functional changes in extracellular matrix components such as collagens and elastin
What causes skin aging?
Exposure to sunlight is the single biggest culprit in aging skin. Over time, the sun's ultraviolet (UV) light damages certain fibers in the skin called elastin. The breakdown of elastin fibers causes the skin to sag, stretch, and lose its ability to snap back after stretching.
What are the visible signs of aging skin?
- Rough, dry and itchy.
- Slack. The loss of the elastic tissue (elastin and collagen) in the skin with age causes your skin to become slack and hang loosely.
- Transparent. ...
- Fragile. ...
- More easily bruised. ...
- More prone to developing skin lesions, such as non-cancerous (benign) tumors.
Pigmentation means coloring. Skin pigmentation disorders affect the color of your skin. Your skin gets its color from a pigment called melanin. Special cells in the skin make melanin. When these cells become damaged or unhealthy, it affects melanin production A common cause of hyperpigmentation is an excess production of melanin. Melanin is a pigment that gives skin its color. It's produced by skin cells called melanocytes. Several different conditions or factors can alter the production of melanin in your body. Hyperpigmentation is caused by an increase in melanin. Melanin is the natural pigment that gives our skin, hair and eyes their color. A number of factors can trigger an increase in melanin production, but the main ones are sun exposure, hormonal influences, age and skin injuries or inflammation.
Different types of skin pigment conditions
- Freckles. Freckles are the most common type of pigmentation. ...
- Solar Lentigines. Solar Lentigines are the pigmentation types also known as liver spots, sun spots, brown spots or age spots. ...
- Melasma. ...
- Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)
Pores — your skin is covered in them. These tiny holes are everywhere, covering the skin of your face, arms, legs, and everywhere else on your body. Pores serve an important function. They allow sweat and oil to escape through your skin, cooling you off and keeping your skin healthy while getting rid of toxins. Pores are also the openings of hair follicles. Even though pores are important, some people dislike their appearance — especially on areas of the body where they appear more noticeable, like on the nose and forehead. There’s no way — and no reason — to close your pores completely. But there are ways to make them appear less prominent on your skin. Keep reading to find out safe and effective ways to take care of your pores so that your skin looks its best. Your face will thank you.